What does breeder seed mean?
Answer 1: Breeder seed: Breeder seed is seed or vegetative propagating material directly controlled by the originating or sponsoring plant breeder of the breeding programme or institution and/ or seed whose production is personally supervised by a qualified plant breeder and which provides the source for the initial …
What are nucleus and breeder seeds?
A breeder is a person (qualified plant breeder) or organization who raises plant primary for breeding purpose. While nucleus seed is genetically pure; the Breeder seeds are produced by mutual multiplication of three different lines which are denoted by A line, B line and R line.
What does certified seed mean?
Certification is the process by which a state seed certifying agency gives official recognition to seeds produced of a cultivar or named variety under a limited generation system which ensures genetic purity, identity, and a given minimum level of quality.
What is the progeny of breeder seed?
Foundation seed is the progeny of breeder seed and is produced by State Farm Corporation of India, National Seed Corporation, State seed Corporation under technical control of qualified plant breeders or technical officers.
Which is the purest seed?
Nuclear seed : This is the hundred percent genetically pure seed with physical purity and produced by the original breeder/Institute /State Agriculture University (SAU) from basic nucleus seed stock.
What are the four different types of certified seed?
Classes of Certified Seed There are four classes (generations) of certified seed. In order of genetic purity they are breeder, foundation, registered and certified seed.
What is the importance of certified seeds?
. The purpose of seed certification is to maintain and make available to the public, through certification, high quality seeds and propagating materials of notified kind and varieties so grown and distributed as to ensure genetic identity and genetic purity.
Who is responsible for growing breeder seed?
The production and distribution of quality/certified seeds is primarily the responsibility of the State Governments. Certified seed production is organized through State Seed Corporation, Departmental Agricultural Farms, Cooperatives etc.
Which type of seed is produced first?
Seed ferns were the first seed plants, protecting their reproductive parts in structures called cupules. Seed ferns gave rise to the gymnosperms during the Paleozoic Era, about 390 million years ago.
What is pure seed?
Pure seed means seed exclusive of inert matter and all other seeds not of the seed being considered as deter- mined by methods defined by rule. Pure seed means agricultural or, vegetable, or flower seed free of inert matter and free of other seed distinguishable by appearance or by test.
What are the stages of seed certification?
Phases of Seed Certification Verification of seed source, class and other requirements of the seed used for raising the seed crop. Inspection of the seed crop in the field to verify its conformity to the prescribed field standards. Supervision at post-harvest stages including processing and packing.
What makes a seed a breeder or a registered seed?
In order of genetic purity they are breeder, foundation, registered and certified seed. Breederseed is directly controlled by the originating plant breeder, sponsoring institution or firm which supplies the initial source and recurring increases of foundation seed. There are no certification standards for breeder seed.
What does it mean to be a certified seeder?
Since breeders’ seed is not available to the public, a tag is not shown for the class. Certified seed tags are blue, registered are purple and foundation tags are white. The certification class refers to the number of generations away from the original variety that was developed by the plant breeder.
What’s the difference between a nucleus seed and a breeder seed?
A breeder’s seed is an offspring of nucleus seed. A breeder is a person (qualified plant breeder) or organization who raises plant primary for breeding purpose. While nucleus seed is genetically pure; the Breeder seeds are produced by mutual multiplication of three different lines which are denoted by A line, B line and R line.
What’s the difference between breeder and foundation seed?
Breeder seed is usually reserved for future development and seed increase by the owner or developer of the seed line, and foundation seed would normally be used by a commercial seed company to establish new production fields. Certified seed (Registered or Certified) if available should be your first choice for any seeding project.