What was Howards ten point plan?
The ten points in the “10-Point Plan” were: The National Native Title Tribunal holds absolute authority over claims for native title. State governments are empowered to extinguish Native Title over crown lands for matters of “national interest”. Lands providing public amenities are exempt from Native Title claims.
What did they do on the 1938 Day of Mourning?
26 January 1938 Aboriginal people living in Sydney refused to take part so organisers brought in men from Menindee, in western New South Wales, and kept them locked up at the Redfern Police Barracks stables until the re-enactment took place.
What did the Day of Mourning achieve?
The ‘Day of Mourning and Protest’ made an impact, achieving both media attention and an agreement by the Prime Minister to receive a deputation of delegates. The day also saw an appalling contrast. Aboriginal organisations in Sydney refused to participate in the government’s re-enactment of the events of January 1788.
What did Pearl Gibbs do?
She was a founder of the Aborigines Progressive Association, which aimed to improve conditions on Aboriginal reserves and remove laws which discriminated against Aboriginal people. Gibbs also worked with Bill Ferguson, another Aboriginal activist, to organise the Aboriginal Day of Mourning on Australia Day, 1938.
What does the Aboriginal Land rights Act 1976 provide?
The main purpose of the Act is “to reinstate ownership of traditional Aboriginal land in the Northern Territory to Aboriginal people” (Austrade). It provides for the grant of inalienable freehold title for Aboriginal land, meaning that the land cannot be bought or otherwise acquired, including by any NT law.
Who opposed the day of mourning?
The Day of Mourning was a protest held by Aboriginal Australians on 26 January 1938, the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet, which marked the beginning of the colonisation of Australia.
Who attended the day of mourning?
About a hundred people attended including Margaret Tucker, Selina Patten (Jack’s wife), Pearl Gibbs, Jack Johnson, Mrs F. Ardler, Bert Marr, Frank Roberts, Tom Peckham, Henry Noble, Jack Kinchella, Bert Groves, Ted Duncan, Robert McKenzie, Louisa Agnes Ingram, Doris Williams and Tom Foster.
Who opposed the Day of Mourning?
Why is the Day of Mourning important?
The 1938 Day of Mourning was a unique event in Aboriginal history. It was the first national Aboriginal civil rights gathering and represents the identifiable beginning of the contemporary Aboriginal political movement.
Did Pearl Gibbs have children?
Pearl married Robert James Gibbs, an English-born naval steward, on 14 April 1923 at the registrar’s office, Paddington, Sydney; they had two sons and a daughter. One son, Charles Reginald, served (1937-50) in the Royal Australian Navy.
Is Pearl Gibbs dead?
Pearl Gibbs/Living or Deceased
What was the 10 point plan of the day of mourning?
Speeches included a 10-point plan demanding equal rights as citizens and this declaration.
When is the national mourning day in Czechoslovakia?
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk – First President of Czechoslovakia. National mourning since his death on 14–21 September 1937. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk – founder of the Republic of Turkey. 10 November is the national mourning day in Turkey, commemorating Atatürk’s death on 10 November 1938.
When was the National Day of mourning in Europe?
Shops and banks were closed, sports events were postponed, and theatre and cinema showings were canceled. President George W. Bush proclaimed September 14, 2001, a “National Day of Prayer and Remembrance.” EU leaders declared 14 September a European Day of Mourning across all member states.
Who are the people on the day of mourning?
Left to right: William (Bill) Ferguson, Jack Kinchela, Isaac Ingram, Doris Williams, Esther Ingram, Arthur Williams Jr, Phillip Ingram, unknown, Louisa Agnes Ingram holding daughter Olive, Jack Patten This moment commemorates the Aboriginal Day of Mourning – the Indigenous response to Australia’s sesquicentenary in 1938.