What is an RGO device?
RGO (Reciprocal Gait Orthosis) This type of device is used with children who suffer from paralysis of the lower trunk, hips, and lower extremities. The KAFO sections control the lower extremities and maintain them in proper walking alignment.
Who uses RGO?
RGOs are primarily used in children or adolescents with thoracic or upper lumbar lesions (Vogel and Lubicky, 1995b, 1997; Vogel et al., 2007).
What is a reciprocal gait pattern?
The reciprocal link is intended to promote a reciprocal gait in which each leg is advanced individually, as opposed to a swing-through gait where both legs are advanced simultaneously. Reciprocal gait has a cosmetic advantage over swing-through gait because it better resembles able-bodied gait.
Which orthosis are used for paraplegic patients?
These patients can use a reciprocating gait orthosis, advanced reciprocating gait orthosis, isocentric reciprocating gait orthosis, or Walkabout for functional walking.
What is a ground reaction AFO?
The Ground Reaction Ankle Foot Orthosis (GRAFO) is a type of solid AFO with the primary aim of increasing knee control during stance phase. The GRAFO generally has an anterior pre-tibial shell to increase the proximal lever arm and help control tibial progression through stance phase.
What are SMOs used for?
SMOs are prescribed for patients who have soft, flexible, flat feet (pes planovalgus). They are mostly worn by children. The SMO is designed to maintain a vertical, or neutral, heel while also supporting the arches of the foot. The SMO can help improve standing balance and walking.
What Is hip knee/ankle foot orthosis?
The HKAFO is a custom-molded plastic shell with contoured metal uprights and a pelvic band that provides support and correction to the hip, knee, ankle and foot. An HKAFO improves body alignment and posture, increases bone and muscle strength, and enhances independence and self-esteem.
What is a floor reaction AFO?
An AFO is a device that supports the ankle and foot area of the body and extends from below the knee down to and including the foot. A floor (ground) reaction AFO (FRAFO or GRAFO) is a custom fabricated, molded plastic device.
What is normal gait pattern?
Normal gait is a ‘normal’ walking pattern. Normal gait requires strength, balance, sensation and coordination. Heel strike to heel strike or one stride length is known as a gait cycle. The gait cycles consists of a stance phase and a swing phase.
What is a 3 point gait?
3 point: this gait pattern is used when one side lower extremity (LE) is unable to bear weight (due to fracture, amputation, joint replacement etc). It involves three points contact with the floor, the crutches serve as one point, the involved leg as the second point, and the uninvolved leg as the third point.
What is a quadriplegic injury?
Paralysis below the neck, including both arms and legs, is called quadriplegia. Your ability to control your limbs after a spinal cord injury depends on two factors: the place of the injury along your spinal cord and the severity of injury to the spinal cord.
What is Hkafo?
Which is a Reciprocating Gait Orthosis ( RGO )?
A reciprocating gait orthosis (RGO) is a specific type of HKAFO that provides a reciprocating action (Fig. 34.4 ).
How does Reciprocating Gait Orthosis work for spina bifida?
Reciprocating gait orthosis. Reciprocating gait orthosis (RGO), which originated in Canada for children with spina bifida, consist of a pair of KAFOs with solid ankles, locking the knee joints, and legs and thigh straps. Each leg of the brace is attached to a pelvic unite with a hip joint, supporting hip flexion and extension.
What kind of cable does a gait orthosis use?
A reciprocating gait orthosis (RGO) (Fig. 23.5) is a HKAFO that uses a mechanical system that connects the two sides of the brace by an isocentric bar (IRGO), double cable (LSU RGO from Louisiana State University), or single push–pull cable system (advanced RGO
How is reciprocal gate orthosis used in therapy?
Extension of one hip causes the simultaneous or reciprocal flexion of the other hip, thereby enabling the child to take a step. The child uses upper trunk, shoulder, and arm muscles to operate the device with the assistance of either crutches or a walker. This device is usually limited to use in therapy or household walking.