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What is the working principle of atomic absorption spectrophotometer?

What is the working principle of atomic absorption spectrophotometer?

Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is based upon the principle that free atoms in the ground state can absorb light of a certain wavelength. Absorption for each element is specific, no other elements absorb this wavelength.

How does temperature affect atomic Spectroscopy?

So a temperature increase of 10 K results in a 4% increase in the number of excited Na atoms, leading to an increase in emitted radiation. In reality, this is not the case because an increase in temperature usually increases the atomization process, line broadening due to Doppler effect, and ionization interference.

What is the function of flame in AAS?

The flame (thermal energy) causes the atom to undergo a transition from the ground state to the first excited state. When the atoms make their transition, they absorb some of the light from the beam. The more concentrated the solution, the more light energy is absorbed!

What is AAS give two examples?

The oldest and most commonly used atomizers in AAS are flames, principally the air-acetylene flame with a temperature of about 2300 °C and the nitrous oxide system (N2O)-acetylene flame with a temperature of about 2700 °C.

What is the principle of absorption?

The process of absorption means that a substance captures and transforms energy. The absorbent distributes the material it captures throughout whole and adsorbent only distributes it through the surface. The process of gas or liquid which penetrate into the body of adsorbent is commonly known as absorption.

In which technique atomic absorption or atomic emission is flame temperature stability more critical Why?

In which technique, atomic absorption or atomic emission is flame temperature stability more critical? Why? It is more critical for atomic emission because the emission flux is depends on the flame temperature, while the atomization, which affects both methods, is less dependent on temperature.

What are the advantages of AAS?

The main advantages of AAS are that it is relatively inexpensive and easy to use, while still offering high throughput, quantitative analysis of the metal content of solids or liquids. This makes it suitable for use in a wide range of applications.

What are the types of AAS?

22.6. There are flame (F AAS), cold vapor (CV AAS), hydride-generating (HG AAS), and graphite furnace (GF-AAS) systems.

Where is AAS used?

Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) is an easy, high-throughput, and inexpensive technology used primarily to analyze compounds in solution. As such, AAS is used in food and beverage, water, clinical, and pharmaceutical analysis.

What is absorption short answer?

Absorption, in general sense, is the act or process of absorbing or assimilating. In biology, absorption pertains particularly to the process of absorbing or assimilating substances into the cell or across the tissues and organs. It is done through diffusion or osmosis.

What are the three types of absorption?

Absorption is a complex process, in which nutrients from digested food are harvested. Absorption can occur through five mechanisms: (1) active transport, (2) passive diffusion, (3) facilitated diffusion, (4) co-transport (or secondary active transport), and (5) endocytosis.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy?

Advantage and Disadvantage of AAS: Some of the advantages include cheapness and comparatively easy and simple to manipulate the machine; sensitivity such that many element can be determined at ppm level or even less; high precision and accuracy obtained by the calibration curves; absorption signal considerably free …

What is the principle of atomic absorption spectroscopy?

PRINCIPLE: The technique uses basically the principle that free atoms (gas) generated in an atomizer can absorb radiation at specific frequency. Atomic-absorption spectroscopy quantifies the absorption of ground state atoms in the gaseous state . The atoms absorb ultraviolet or visible light and make transitions to higher electronic energy levels.

How is FP different from atomic absorption spectroscopy?

No light source is required since the energy imparted to the atoms comes from the flame. Thus, FP is different from atomic absorption spectroscopy (AA), which is described in the next section. As implied previously, only a very small number of the atoms in the flame are actually present in an excited state at any given instant.

Why are vertical adjustments important in atomic absorption spectroscopy?

Vertical adjustments adjust the height within the flame from which absorbance is monitored. This is important because two competing processes affect the concentration of free atoms in the flame. The more time the analyte spends in the flame the greater the atomization efficiency; thus, the production of free atoms increases with height.

How is the absorption of atoms affected by temperature?

•Atomic absorption depends only upon the number of unexcited atoms, the absorption intensity is not directly affected by the temperature of the flame. •The flame emission intensity in contrast, being dependent upon the number of excited atoms, is greatly influenced by temperature variations.