What causes J-shaped stomach?

What causes J-shaped stomach?

Teeth break the food into smaller particles. Next, an enzyme in saliva starts to break down starches into simple sugars. Digestion continues in the stomach. When it’s empty, your stomach looks like an unexpanded J-shaped balloon.

What is J-shaped stomach?

The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper belly (abdomen). It’s part of the digestive system. It’s between the end of the food pipe (esophagus) and the start of the first part of the small bowel (duodenum). The stomach is much like a bag with a lining.

What are the signs and symptoms of pyloric stenosis in adults?


  • Forceful vomiting after a feeding that differs from normal spit up. As the pylorus valve thickens over time, the vomiting becomes more frequent and explosive.
  • Dehydration. The thickened pylorus not only blocks the passage of solid food, but also that of liquids.
  • Hunger.
  • Constipation.
  • Stomach cramps.

Is pyloric stenosis life threatening?

Discussion. This is a case re-affirming that infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) can present with severe electrolyte abnormalities and can be a medical emergency as seen in this patient.

What is an elongated stomach?

It is diagnosed by barium swallow and is defined as the downward displacement of the stomach with the greater curve of the stomach partly projecting below the level of the iliac crests, in upright position. The cardiac end stays at its normal location 3. Additional findings: elongated stomach.

Which acid kills harmful bacteria in the stomach?

The hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice breaks down the food and the digestive enzymes split up the proteins. The acidic gastric juice also kills bacteria.

What happens if pyloric stenosis goes untreated?

This narrowing inhibits food from passing into the small intestine and causes the infant to vomit. If left untreated, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis can cause: Dehydration.

How often does a baby vomit with pyloric stenosis?

While occasional dribbles of spit-up after meals is common in infants and usually harmless, true vomiting is more concerning. In some babies, frequent projectile vomiting can be a symptom of a condition called hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS); it occurs in 1 out of every 500 or so babies.

What does gastric volvulus feel like?

The common symptoms of intrathoracic stomach are postprandial chest discomfort, dysphagia, vomiting, hemorrhage, chest fullness, inability to belch, and anemia; reflux alone is uncommon, and the signs and symptoms of acute gastric volvulus include abdominal pain and distention, especially in the upper abdomen, and …

Is gastric volvulus painful?

Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis The presentation of acute gastric volvulus includes sudden severe pain in the upper abdomen or lower chest and persistent but unproductive vomiting. Because the volvulus causes gastric obstruction, it is often impossible to pass a nasogastric tube into the stomach.

How does Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis cause vomiting?

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a disorder of young infants caused by hypertrophy of the pylorus, which can progress to near-complete obstruction of the gastric outlet, leading to forceful vomiting.

Which is the correct definition of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis?

Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) refers to the idiopathic thickening of gastric py­loric musculature which then results in progressive gastric outlet obstruction.

What are the side effects of pyloric stenosis?

Pyloric stenosis can lead to: Failure to grow and develop. Dehydration. Stomach irritation. Jaundice.

When did Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis occur in Saskatchewan?

Habbick BF, To T. Incidence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in Saskatchewan, 1970-85. CMAJ 1989; 140:395. Hedbäck G, Abrahamsson K, Husberg B, et al. The epidemiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in Sweden 1987-96. Arch Dis Child 2001; 85:379. Sule ST, Stone DH, Gilmour H.