What is a myocutaneous flap?

What is a myocutaneous flap?

Myocutaneous flaps are compound flaps with a solitary vascular supply incorporating skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, and the underlying muscle. Once a pedicled or free-tissue transfer is performed, the newly transferred flap begins to incorporate into the surrounding tissue.

What is pectoralis myocutaneous flap?

Introduction: The pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) is a workhorse flap for head and neck reconstruction and a flap of choice for anterior chest wall reconstruction.

What is a pedicle flap graft?

Listen to pronunciation. (PEH-dih-kul …) A type of surgery used to rebuild the shape of the breast after a mastectomy. Tissue, including skin, fat, and muscle, is moved from one area of the body, such as the back or abdomen, to the chest to form a new breast mound.

What is the difference between a flap and a graft?

A “skin graft” is the transfer of a portion of the skin (without its blood supply) to a wound. A “flap” consists of one or more tissue components including skin, deeper tissues, muscle and bone.

What are the four main types of flaps?

Here’s how they work.

  • 1) Plain Flaps. The most simple flap is the plain flap.
  • 2) Split Flaps. Next up are split flaps, which deflect from the lower surface of the wing.
  • 3) Slotted Flaps. Slotted flaps are the most commonly used flaps today, and they can be found on both small and large aircraft.
  • 4) Fowler Flaps.

How long does a pectoral flap take to heal?

You will need to follow the following guidelines until your incisions completely heal. This is usually 6 weeks after your surgery. Your doctor will tell you how long to follow these guidelines for. Keep your surgical sites out of the sun.

What are the different types of skin flaps?

The four major types of local flaps include the advancement flap (moves directly forward with no lateral movement), the rotation flap (rotates around a pivot point to be positioned into an adjacent defect), the transposition flap (moves laterally in relation to a pivot point to be positioned into an adjacent defect) …

What is the purpose of a flap graft?

Flap surgery involves transporting healthy, live tissue from one location of the body to another – often to areas that have lost skin, fat, muscle movement, and/or skeletal support.

When do you use flap vs graft?

A graft is just the skin without a blood supply, whereas a flap is transferred with its blood supply intact. With a flap, larger amounts of tissue can be used, including muscle if required. Some reconstructions need both a flap and a graft.

What are the 4 types of skin grafts?

Depending on the origin:

  • Autograft or autologous graft: skin obtained from the patient’s own donor site.
  • Allograft or heterologous graft: skin obtained from another person.
  • Xenograft or heterograft: skin from other species, such as pigs.
  • Synthetic skin substitutes: manufactured products that work as skin equivalents.

What kind of graft is a myocutaneous flap?

Skin or muscle transferred from one area of a patient’s body to another is referred to as a myocutaneous flap. A myocutaneous flap is a type of autologous graft, consisting of tissue taken from a patient and used on that patient’s own body. As the name implies, this graft includes skin and muscle.

When do you cut out a myocutaneous flap?

In a free flap procedure, the surgeon cuts a graft from one area of the body and transfers it to another. For example, if a patient is missing skin on the arm due to a burn injury, the surgeon could cut a flap from the leg. Rotated flaps involve cutting out a myocutaneous flap while leaving part of the tissue attached.

What do you need to know about fasciocutaneous flap surgery?

Fasciocutaneous flap surgery is the excision of a skin and tissue flap for positioning over skin burns, injuries or other reconstructive sites. This specific flap technique preserves extra tissue and blood vessels in addition to skin.

Which is the best marker for myocutaneous flap?

Dorsal Nasal Myocutaneous Flap – 15732 flap, with procerus nasalis muscle, was deemed most appropriate. Using a sterile surgical marker, an appropriate dorsal nasal flap was drawn around the defect, and extended superiorly to the glabellum. The area thus outlined was incised deep to adipose