What is the social structure of the Ottoman Empire?

What is the social structure of the Ottoman Empire?

The Ottoman Empire was organized into a very complicated social structure because it was a large, multi-ethnic and multi-religious empire. Ottoman society was divided between Muslims and non-Muslims, with Muslims theoretically having a higher standing than Christians or Jews.

Did the Ottoman Empire have states?

Under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire marked the peak of its power and prosperity as well as the highest development of its government, social, and economic systems. At the beginning of the 17th century, the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states.

What were the political structures of the Ottoman Empire?

The ruling class divided itself into four functional institutions: the imperial, or palace (mülkiye), institution, personally led by the sultan, which provided the leadership and direction for the other institutions as well as for the entire Ottoman system; the military (seyfiye or askeriye) institution, which was …

What was the geography of the Ottoman Empire?

Made up of diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, Kurds, and Slavs, the empire stretched from Central Europe in the west to Baghdad (IRAQ) in the east, from the Crimean Sea in the north to the Upper NILE in EGYPT and the Arabian Peninsula (SAUDI ARABIA) in the south.

Who has power in society in the Ottoman Empire?

the sultan
While in 1550 the Ottoman Empire was a patrimonial state in which all power was held exclusively by the sultan, by 1700 it had experienced a political transformation whereby the sultan’s monopoly on power was replaced with a multi-polar system in which political power was informally shared among many different …

What caused the Ottoman Empire to fall?

Other factors, such as poor leadership and having to compete with trade from the Americas and India, led to the weakening of the empire. In 1683, the Ottoman Turks were defeated at the Battle of Vienna. This loss added to their already waning status.

How did Ottomans consolidate power?

To consolidate their Empire the Ottoman Sultans formed groups of fanatical fighters – the orders of the Janissaries, a crack infantry group of slaves and Christian converts to Islam. The Ottomans inflicted a series of defeats on the declining Christian Byzantine Empire and then quickly expanded westward.

What was the political structure of the Ottoman Empire?

Home Political Hierarchy Ottoman Political Hierarchy. The Ottoman Empire ran for over many centuries and consisted of a complex governmental organization which has the Sultan at the top of the pyramid of the hierarchical structure.

When was the Ottoman Empire divided into provinces?

The Ottoman Empire was first subdivided into provinces, in the sense of fixed territorial units with governors appointed by the sultan, in the late 14th century. The beylerbey, or governor, of each province was appointed by the central government.

What was the expansion period of the Ottoman Empire?

The Ottoman state to 1481: the age of expansion The first period of Ottoman history was characterized by almost continuous territorial expansion, during which Ottoman dominion spread out from a small northwestern Anatolian principality to cover most of southeastern Europe and Anatolia.

What was the legal system of the Ottoman Empire?

Civil and judicial administration was carried out under a separate parallel system of small municipal or rural units called kazas administered by a qadi ( kadı ). Kazas in turn were subdivided into nahiyas. The qadis came from the ulema and represent the legal authority of the sultan.