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What is latitude and longitude easy definition?

What is latitude and longitude easy definition?

Latitude and longitude are a system of lines used to describe the location of any place on Earth. Lines of latitude run in an east-west direction across Earth. Lines of longitude run in a north-south direction. Although these are only imaginary lines, they appear on maps and globes as if they actually existed.

What is the longitude and latitude system called?

geographic coordinate system
The geographic coordinate system consists of latitude and longitude lines. Each line of longitude runs north–south and measures the number of degrees east or west of the prime meridian. Values range from -180 to +180°.

What is latitude and longitude with example?

Latitude and longitude are a pair of numbers (coordinates) used to describe a position on the plane of a geographic coordinate system. The numbers are in decimal degrees format and range from -90 to 90 for latitude and -180 to 180 for longitude. For example, Washington DC has a latitude 38.8951 and longitude -77.0364 .

What is the main function of latitude and longitude?

Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps us identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. You can use latitude and longitude to identify specific locations. Latitude and longitude are also helpful in identifying landmarks.

What is latitude with diagram?

Lines of latitude measure north-south position between the poles. The equator is defined as 0 degrees, the North Pole is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole is 90 degrees south. Lines of latitude are all parallel to each other, thus they are often referred to as parallels.

What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

1. Prime Meridian = Longitude 0o (Greenwich Meridian). 2. International Date Line (Longitude 180o).

How many latitudes are there in total?

180 degrees
Lines of latitude are called parallels and in total there are 180 degrees of latitude. The distance between each degree of latitude is about 69 miles (110 kilometers).

What are the 7 major lines of longitude?

The 7 major lines of latitude are:

• North Pole.
• Arctic Circle.
• Tropic of Cancer.
• Equator.
• Tropic of Capricorn.
• Antarctic circle.
• South Pole.

What are the 5 most important latitudes?

Important lines of latitude:

• the equator (0°)
• the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
• the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
• the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
• the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
• the North Pole (90° north)
• the South Pole (90° south)

Why there are 180 latitudes and 360 longitudes?

Longitude lines runs from North to south pole means a complete circles and hence covers 360 degrees and that is why there are 360 longitudes. Each section from equator to pole is 90 degrees and two poles have 2 quarters of circle/globe hence 90X2 180 lattitudes. adding the Equator it becomes 181 latitudes.

How do you write latitude and longitude?

When writing latitude and longitude, use the symbol “°” to indicate degrees. As you move north of the equator, lines of latitude increase by one degree until they reach 90 degrees. The 90 degree mark is the North Pole . Lines of latitude above the equator are marked using the letter “N” to mean North.

How do you look up latitude and longitude?

To look up the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) of a spot on the map, follow the steps below: 1. Right-click on the desired spot on the map to bring up a menu with options. 2. In the menu, select What’s here?. 3. Click the green arrow to get the latitude and longitude coordinates.

What is the relation between latitude and longitude?

Latitude alludes to the horizontal lines that represent the distance of any point, north or south of the equator, its direction is east to west. On the other hand, longitude implies the vertical lines indicating the distance of any point, east or west of the prime meridian, its direction is north to south.

What are the major lines of latitude and longitude?

Visible on a globe or map of the Earth, points on latitudes that cross over longitude lines mark specific locations on the Earth. The five major latitude lines are the equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and the Arctic and Antarctic Circles.