## What is geometry data type?

Geometry : Stores data based on a flat (Euclidean) coordinate system. The data type is often used to store the X and Y coordinates that represent lines, points, and polygons in two-dimensional spaces. Geography : Stores data based on a round-earth coordinate system.

### What is spatial data type in SQL Server?

Spatial data represents information about the physical location and shape of geometric objects. These objects can be point locations or more complex objects such as countries, roads, or lakes. SQL Server supports two spatial data types: the geometry data type and the geography data type.

**Which one of the following is Aspatial data type?**

There are three main types of vector data: points, lines, and polygons. Connecting points create lines, and connecting lines that create an enclosed area create polygons. Vectors are best used to present generalizations of objects or features on the Earth’s surface.

**Which data types store GPS coordinates in SQL Server?**

geography data type

The SQL Server geography data type stores ellipsoidal (round-earth) data, such as GPS latitude and longitude coordinates. SQL Server supports a set of methods for the geography spatial data type.

## What is varchar data type?

As the name suggests, varchar means character data that is varying. Also known as Variable Character, it is an indeterminate length string data type. It can hold numbers, letters and special characters. SQL varchar usually holds 1 byte per character and 2 more bytes for the length information.

### What is difference between geometry and geography?

Geometry, where it assumes all of your data lives on a Cartesian plane (like a map projection); Geography, where it assumes that your data is made up of points on the earth’s surface, as specified by latitudes and longitudes.

**What is a vector data?**

Vector data is what most people think of when they consider spatial data. Data in this format consists of points, lines or polygons. At its simplest level, vector data comprises of individual points stored as coordinate pairs that indicate a physical location in the world.

**What is varchar example?**

VARCHAR is a variable length string data type, so it holds only the characters you assign to it. VARCHAR takes up 1 byte per character, + 2 bytes to hold length information. For example, if you set a VARCHAR(100) data type = ‘Jen’, then it would take up 3 bytes (for J, E, and N) plus 2 bytes, or 5 bytes in all.

## Why varchar is used in SQL?

In practical scenarios, varchar(n) is used to store variable length value as a string, here ‘n’ denotes the string length in bytes and it can go up to 8000 characters. As a quick fix, we can alter the table and increase the data type of the SQL varchar column, say to varchar(50) to insert the new row.

### What is Srid in geometry?

Every geometric shape has a spatial reference system associated with it, and each such reference system has a Spatial Reference System ID (SRID). The SRID is used to tell which spatial reference system will be used to interpret each spatial object.

**What is geometry in Geography?**

Geometry is the branch of mathematics dealing with spatial relationships, measures, and properties of points, lines, and surfaces. In GIS applications, vector geometry is used to represent the spatial component of geographic features with discrete boundaries such as wells, rivers, states, streets, and parcels.

**What are the three types of vector data?**

Vector data is split into three types: point, line (or arc), and polygon data.