What is shutdown turnaround outage?
Author: Kevin Duffy. A Shutdown-Turnaround-Outage (STO) is unique in that it always involves a key asset being taken offline or out of service and is complete only when this item is returned to service and performing at the desired level.
What are shutdowns?
A shutdown is simply a disruption in the refining process. A turnaround is a planned break in production so that maintenance may be performed. The effects of a shutdown or a turnaround can make a difference in the supply available to retail fuel outlets.
What does shutdown mean in oil and gas?
Shutdowns and Outages These products can begin to decline if the natural resources are scarce, or prices are too high. Shutdowns can also occur when accidents, natural disasters, or other threats take place. Outages don’t happen in an effort to protect equipment or individuals working in the facility.
What is meant by shutdown project?
Turnarounds and Shutdowns are major projects that require that require sound planning, execution and control. Shutdown projects are usually short in duration, from 1 month up to 6 months, and require significant deployment of experienced personnel. …
What does working a turnaround mean?
A turnaround is a scheduled period of non-production within the plant. During this time the plant’s employees, and often outside contractors, work around the clock to get everything ready for the plant or unit to resume its regular operations.
What is turnaround maintenance?
Turnaround maintenance (TAM) is a periodic maintenance in which plants are shutdown to allow for inspections, repairs, replacements and overhauls that can be carried out only when the assets (plant facilities) are taken out of service.
What is shutdown maintenance?
Simply put, Shutdown Maintenance is maintenance that can only be performed while equipment is not in use. Shutting down machinery can be costly, but sometimes due to the nature of the defective part/machine, shutdown maintenance is the only viable maintenance procedure.
How long do turnarounds last?
Turnarounds are simply temporary shutdowns and usually happens every three or five years. In order for it to happen, however, careful and extensive planning must be done as well as coordination on both materials and labor so that the process can run smoothly and successfully.
Why are refineries shutting down?
In addition to challenging market conditions, increasing market interest in renewable diesel production and pre-existing plans to scale down or reconfigure petroleum refineries all contributed to the closing of a handful of refineries in 2020.
What is shut down maintenance?
What is meant by shutdown job?
When shutdowns take place, normal labor and equipment operations are suspended for up to weeks at a time. Maintenance activities may also need to be planned and undertaken during the shutdown period. A shutdown coordinator ensures this whole process runs efficiently, safely and smoothly.
What is a turnaround strategy?
Simply, a turnaround strategy is backing out or retreating from the decision wrongly made earlier and transforming from a loss-making company to a profit-making company. Turnaround strategy is applicable to the loss-making business unit. It is the act of making a company profitable again.
What’s the difference between operational shutdowns turnarounds and outages?
The traditional view of operational shutdowns, turnarounds and outages (STOs) holds that they are maintenance and engineering events. This simplistic view is held by many organizations. A more realistic and holistic perspective, however, recognizes that the impact and scope of STOs extend far beyond the maintenance and engineering functions.
What is the process of shut down management?
The process of project management is generally applied to a maintenance shutdown in coal handling plant of thermal power stations. The critical path method (CPM) or sometimes a Gantt charts is used for planning shut down.
How is shut down maintenance generated by maintenance activities?
Shut down Maintenance costs are generated by Maintenance Activities. Shut down Maintenance budgets that are based on a bottom-up assessment of the Maintenance activities that they expect to perform. It is required to compare actual costs against those budgeted f cost. 3.6 Maintenance (History) Data Analysis: –
What’s the goal of a shutdown and turnaround?
See also: report on staffing and managing shutdowns and turnarounds. The goal for all types of interruption should be to achieve a return to normal process within time (difficult in outages), on budget, with no harm to staff, and with as little unplanned work as possible.