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What is the glass transition temperature of polyethylene?

What is the glass transition temperature of polyethylene?

Polyethylene (PE) has been and is the most common and most studied polymer. Nevertheless, there is still no full consensus among researchers about such a basic property as the value of its glass transition temperature T g. Values as different as around −25°C and −120°C are reported [1]

What is the glass transition temperature of high density polyethylene?

Physical Properties Metric English
Vicat Softening Point 67.0 – 136 °C 153 – 277 °F
Minimum Service Temperature, Air -269 – -30.0 °C -452 – -22.0 °F
Brittleness Temperature -91.0 – -70.0 °C -132 – -94.0 °F
Glass Transition Temp, Tg -120 °C -184 °F

What is glass transition temperature in dentistry?

The glass transition temperature (Tg) of a dental porcelain is a factor in determining the magnitude of residual stresses introduced in a dental porcelain during cooling of a porcelain-fused-to-metal prosthesis. Tg is known to vary with changes in heating or cooling rate.

What is the Tg of polystyrene?

As a thermoplastic polymer, polystyrene is in a solid (glassy) state at room temperature but flows if heated above about 100 °C, its glass transition temperature….Polystyrene.

CAS Number 9003-53-6
Abbreviations PS
ChemSpider none
ECHA InfoCard 100.105.519

What factors affect glass transition temperature?

Increase in pressure of surrounding leads to decrease in free volume and ultimately high Tg. Other factors like branching, alkyl chain length, bond interaction, flexibility of polymer chain, film thickness etc. also have significant impact on glass transition temperature of polymers.

What happens above glass transition temperature?

There is a certain temperature(different for each polymer) called the glass transition temperature, or Tg for short. When the polymer is cooled below this temperature, it becomes hard and brittle, like glass. Some polymers are used above their glass transition temperatures, and some are used below.

Is polystyrene the same as Styrofoam?

The foam that you formerly knew as styrofoam is actually expanded polystyrene foam or EPS. This material is made from polystyrene, a plastic that’s often used to make clear products like food packaging or lab equipment. EPS is made up of mostly air — around 95% in fact.

Why is polystyrene brittle?

However, polystyrene has several limitations. It is attacked by hydrocarbon solvents, has poor oxygen and UV resistance, and is rather brittle, i.e. it has poor impact strength due to the stiffness of the polymer backbone.

What will happen when glass transition temperature increases?

Above the glass transition temperature, the polymer tends to expand isotropically, and hysteresis is noted in the expansion or dimensional changes upon cooling, when the material will be rubbery and ductile.

How do you increase glass transition temperature?

These can be done by controlling cooling rate and isothermal time during heat treament, and polymer modification, respectively. On the other hand, increasing pressure to polymer will also increas molecular crowing and interaction, resulting increased Tg.

Is higher glass transition temperature better?

Glass Transition Temperature Vs Melting Temperature Below Tg, there exists disordered amorphous solid where chain motion is frozen and molecules start wiggling around above Tg. The more immobile the chain, the higher the value of Tg.

Is polystyrene stronger than Styrofoam?

EPS foam is lightweight but has a high-density which makes it stronger and more durable than Styrofoam. Many will look to EPS as a go-to fill material thanks to its compressive strength and ability to withstand heavy loads over long periods of time.

What is the glass transition temperature for polyethylene?

Glass Transition Temperature Values of Several Plastics Polymer Name Min Value (°C) Max Value (°C) LCP Mineral-filled 120.0 120.0 LDPE – Low Density Polyethylene -110.0 -110.0 LLDPE – Linear Low Density Polyethylene -110.0 -110.0 PA 11 – (Polyamide 11) 30% Glass fiber r 35.0 45.0

What are the thermal properties of polytetrafluoroethylene filled with glass?

Polytetrafluoroethylene filled with Glass PTFE 25% GF 75-100 – – – – 0.33-0.42 @23C 260 Material Formula Coefficient of thermal expansion x10-6K-1 Heat- deflection temperature – 0.45MPa C Heat- deflection temperature – 1.8MPa C Lower working temperature C Specific heat J K-1kg- 1 Thermal conductivity W m K-1

How is the transition temperature of plastics determined?

This melting point is generally above that of the upper range of amorphous thermoplastics. E.g. Polyolefins, PEEK, PET, POM etc. The most usual test method to determine Glass Transition Temperature of plastics is ASTM E1356.

What are the physical properties of HDPE glass?

Melting Point: 110 o C (230 o F) Glass Transition Temperature: -125 o C (-193 o F) Density: 0.910 – 0.940 g/cm 3. HDPE Properties: Flexible, translucent/waxy, weatherproof, good low temperature toughness (to -60’C), easy to process by most methods, low cost, good chemical resistance. HDPE Physical Properties: