Is thalamic glioma cancer?
Bithalamic gliomas are extremely rare tumors of central nervous system. Although they are usually benign in nature, their outcome is poor because of the involvement of thalamic nuclei and inadequate surgical excision. Surgery is usually done to get tissue for diagnosis.
What is glioma of the thalamus?
A thalamic glioma, as its name implies, is a glial tumor characterized by a primary growth center within or very near the thalamus. These tumors are very rare and account for a small minority of brain tumors in children and young adults.
What is optic pathway glioma?
An optic nerve glioma (also called an optic pathway glioma) is a slow-growing brain tumor in or around the optic nerve. The optic nerve connects the eye to the brain. As the tumor progresses, it presses on the optic nerve, causing vision problems. While these are serious tumors, they have a high cure rate.
Are optic gliomas cancer?
Optic nerve gliomas are benign (non-cancerous) brain tumors that grow on the nerves that carry vision from the eyes to the brain (the optic nerves). Optic nerve gliomas are found in approximately one in five children with NF1. These tumors commonly arise in young children and can affect their vision.
Can a thalamic tumor be removed?
Unfortunately, for most astrocytomas of the thalamus (infiltrative or diffuse Grade II-IV tumors), surgical removal is not an option. In those cases, surgery should be reserved purely for biopsy, to treat hydrocephalus or to reduce the mass effect.
Can the thalamus be removed?
How is an optic glioma treated?
Most often, optic nerve glioma is treated with chemotherapy — a drug treatment that works by interfering with the cancer cell’s ability to grow or reproduce — to shrink the tumor and stabilize or improve vision.
How do you get rid of an optic nerve tumor?
Surgery and radiation therapy are two possible ways of treating optic nerve glioma. Your doctor can determine which type of treatment is best for you. Surgery is not always an option. Surgery may be performed if doctors believe they can use it to completely remove the tumor.
What are some signs of a possible tumor on the hypothalamus?
- Euphoric “high” sensations.
- Failure to thrive (lack of normal growth in children) Failure to thrive.
- Headache. Headache.
- Hyperactivity. Hyperactivity.
- Loss of body fat and appetite (cachexia)
Where are gliomas found in the optic nerve?
Optic pathway gliomas are a type of low-grade tumor found in the optic nerve or chiasm, where they often infiltrate the optic nerves, which send messages from the eyes to the brain.
What kind of tumor is on the optic nerve?
Optic nerve glioma (also known as optic pathway glioma) is the most common primary neoplasm of the optic nerve. Along with reducing visual acuity in the affected eye, the tumor sometimes produces additional symptoms as it grows.
Why are gliomas called Intra-axial brain tumors?
Gliomas are called intra-axial brain tumors because they grow within the substance of the brain and often mix with normal brain tissue. What are the different types of gliomas?
How are gliomas spread to other parts of the brain?
These tumors can spread to other parts of the brain or spinal cord (drop-metastases) due to the flow of spinal fluid. Mixed gliomas (also called oligo-astrocytomas) are made up of more than one type of glial cell. Their diagnosis as a distinct tumor type is controversial and may be resolved with genetic screening of tumor tissue.